Understanding the Different Types of Hernias

A hernia occurs when tissue from one area bulges into an area where it doesn’t belong. Some kinds of hernias are more common than others, but it’s worth understanding hernias in general so you can identify whether you may have a problem.

At our practice, Dr. Gabriel Akopian and our team specialize in hernias and hernia repair. Using the most advanced techniques available, we can address problematic hernias, putting everything back in its proper place.

To give you an idea of what the different types of hernias are, we review the most common ones here.

Inguinal hernia

Far and away, the most common type of hernia is an inguinal hernia, which affects up to 27% of men in the United States and 3% of women. An inguinal hernia occurs when a piece of your intestine or fatty tissue protrudes through the muscles in your lower abdominal wall, typically through your inguinal canal, which is located in your groin.

The reason why men experience inguinal hernias more often is because men have a natural opening in their groin muscles, which makes it easier for the tissue to find its way through.

If you have an inguinal hernia, Dr. Akopian can repair the breach using laparoscopic techniques to shore up the weak area and replace the tissue to their proper positions.

Femoral hernia

Unlike inguinal hernias, this type of hernia largely develops in older women. A femoral hernia occurs when tissue pushes through a weak area in your groin or upper thigh and potentially threatens your femoral artery. Due to this risk, we recommend surgical intervention to correct the problem.

Incisional hernia

If you’ve had surgery on your abdomen, the incision site may not heal properly, which paves the way for tissue to protrude through the weakened tissue. Depending upon the extent and progression of the breach, we may recommend surgical intervention or a wait-and-see approach if you aren’t experiencing any discomfort.

Hiatal hernia

A hiatal hernia occurs when your stomach bulges through a weak spot in your diaphragm. This condition may be something you were born with or something you develop. Hiatal hernias may cause problems with acid reflux, and severe cases may even threaten your lungs. Here again, we evaluate the degree of the hernia before deciding on a treatment approach.

Umbilical hernia

This type of hernia occurs when a piece of intestine or fatty tissue bulges through the muscle beneath the belly button. Umbilical hernias commonly occur in infants. An adult can develop this type of hernia, but the issue isn’t often problematic.

If you suspect you may have a hernia, your first step is to contact our office in Pasadena, California, so that we can fully assess the problem and recommend next steps. Call us at 626-788-4095.

 

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